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Lodewijk Mortelmans 1868-1952

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Lodewijk Mortelmans Jury member
PRIX DE ROME 1893

Belgian Prix de Rome for music composition
  1889 : 1st participation : deuxième second prix
  1891 : 2st participation : withdrawel due to sickness
  1893 : 3st participation : winner

Lodewijk Mortelmans as member of the jury of the Prix de Rome
(standing in the middle)
 
 
 

In 1889 he already participated 'just to try' and obtained, together with Paul Lebrun, a shared Second Prix de Rome with his cantate Sinaï. He then was 21 years old. Although in 1891, he had to interrupt his participation due to illness.

In 1893 at the age of 25, Lodewijk Mortelmans was awarded the First Prize of Rome with his cantate Lady Macbeth.

In 1896 he travelled to Italy, where he met his friend Jean Delville (1867-1953), whom guided him through Rome. There, in his mind, grew the sketch for his Homeric Symphony. Still in Rome, he writes Treurmarsch from his symphony. His dream was to remain some years in Rome to finish his works. But as he married in 1894 with Gabrielle Mortelmans, and they had their first child, he returned to his country.

 

JEAN DELVILLE

* From the Art Book JEAN DELVILLE (1867-1953) Maître de l’idéal,
   published 2014 after the exhibition in Musée Félicien-Rops :

  Page 21: Jean vit son départ pour Rome comme une délivrance. Accompagné de sa femme et de ses deux fils, il réside à l’Académie belge. Là, il noue amitié avec le compositeur flamand Lodewijk Mortelmans, Prix de Rome de musique.
 
  Pages 88-89: Jean Delville part pour l’Italie en mars 1896. Il se rend d’abord à Florence, où il séjourne peut-être chez Baltus, puis passe le printemps et l’été à Rome. Là, il se lie au compositeur Lodewijk Mortelmans, avec qui il projette de réaliser une symphonie homérique mêlant musique et peinture.

* From Privat family collecion: photo right + detail below
Jean Delville à Lodewijk Mortelmans - detail  
A Ludovic Mortelmans
en souvenir de notre sympathique
rencontre à Rome
21 mai 1896 - Jean Delville
 
 

Jean Delville à Lodewijk Mortelmans
Les trésors de Sathan
Jeny Delville 1895

KONINKLIJK VLAAMSCH KONSERVATORIUM

* Transl. from personal notes of Lodewijk Mortelmans :
   "This victory made Benoit very happy. He told Lodewijk Mortelmans : your victory will renovate our Conservatory. And this got confirmed. 4 years later (in 1897) the Antwerp Music School was elevated to 'Royal Flemisch Conservatory'".
 

ORIGIN

The Prix de Rome was installed in 1663 in France by Lodewijk XIV, after the foundation of the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture. It was a prestiguous and encouraging price for young french musicians and the first price was originaly a price money with a scholarship to Rome, where the winner could work for about four years at the Académie de France.
The Academy of France was housed in the Palazzo Capranica from 1666 till 1737, and then in the Palazzo Mancini from 1737 to 1793. In 1803 Louis Napoleon had the Academy moved to the Villa Medici. In 1968, and with the social movements at that time in France, the price was awarded for the last time.

Villa Medici Roma 
Villa Medici Rome

Later, other countries took over the Prix. After the separation of the Netherlands and Belgium in 1830, the belgian government awarded as from 1832 a belgian Prix de Rome for painting, sculpting, and architecture.
The belgian Prix de Rome for music composition existed from 1841 till 1973, founded by François-Joseph Fétis, and followed the french model.
There were concours for art painters, graphics, sculptors and architects (normally every discipline was to compete every three years), and -separatly- for musicians (every two years).
The Royal Academy of Fine Arts Antwerp organised his Prix de Rome till 1920, afterwards the national government took over. The first prize is also sometimes called the Grand Prix de Rome.
 

Prix De Rome (Belgium) Winners 
Books LLC ® Memphis USA 2001

Academia Belgica
Via Omero 8 (Valle Giulia) – 00197 Roma
www.academiabelgica.it
 
 
The Academia Belgica is based at the borders of the Villa Borghese, where several other foreign academies and universities also are located.

Academia Belgica Roma
Academia Belgica Roma

CONCOURS

The candidats, selected during a preparatory test (four voices and a choral work with orchestra), had to compose a cantate, an unscened opera, on given lyrics. For the execution, in Mortelmans' days, the candidats were granted 25 days. Afterwards five additional days were added, and the isolation in the loge became thirty days. The price contained a scholarship, which allowed the winner to continue his studies abroad, in a art center of his choice.
 
Only surveyors, staff, and the secretary of the jury have the right to enter the loges of the competitors.
Contrary to the fears of Guillaume Lekeu, candidats can receive mail. The adressed package or newspaper will be opened and checked by the guard of the loges before handed over.
 

'BELGIAN' PRIX DE ROME FOR MUSIC COMPOSITION :

1e Prix :
  1841 - Étienne Soubre - Sardanapale
  1844 - Félix-Étienne - Ledent
  1845 - Adolphe Samuel - La Vendetta
  1847 - François-Auguste Gevaert - Le Roi Lear
  1849 - Alexandre Stadtfeldt - Le songe du jeune Scipion
  1851 - Eduard Lassen
  1857 - Peter Benoit - Le Meurtre d'Abel
  1859 - Jean-Théodore Radoux - Le Juif errant
  1863 - Joseph Dupont - Paul et Virginie
  1865 - Gustave Huberti - La fille de Jephté
  1873 - Franz Servais - La mort du Tasse
  1877 - Edgar Tinel - De Klokke Roeland
  1879 - Sylvain Dupuis - Le Chant de la Création
  
  1889 - Paul Gilson - Sinaï
  1891 - Paul Lebrun - Andromède, op.11
  1893 - Lodewijk Mortelmans - Lady Macbeth
  
  1897 - Joseph Jongen - Comola
  1899 - François Rasse - Cloches nuptiales
  1901 - Adolphe Biarent - Oedipe à Colonne
  1903 - Albert Dupuis - La Chanson d'Halewyn
  
  1909 - Robert Herberigs - La Légende de Saint Hubert
  1913 - Léon Jongen - Les Fiancés de Noël
  
  1920 - René Barbier - Légende de la soeur Béatrice
  1921 - Fernand Quinet - La Guerre
  
  
  1927 - Alex De Taeye - Le Rossignol
  1929 - Georges Lonque, Antoine Van Ulft - Antigone
  1932 - Sylvain Vouillemain - L'enfant prodigue
  1933 - Prosper Van Eeckhaute
  1935 - René Defossez - Le vieux Soudard
  1937 - Léon Simar
  
  1945 - Marcel Quinet - La Vague et le Sillon
  1952 - René Driessen
  
  Painting :
  1895 - Jean Delville - Le Christ glorifié par les enfants
 

2e Prix :
  
  
  1845 - Léonard Terry
  1847 - Jacques-Nicolas Lemmens
  
  1851 - Jean-Baptiste Rongé
  
  
  
  
  
  1877 - MM Simart, de Paw
  
  1887 - Paul Lebrun - Les Suppliantes, Edmond Lapon
  1889 - Lodewijk Mortelmans, Paul Lebrun - Moïse au Sinaï
  1891 - Guillaume Lekeu - Andromède
  
  1895 - Joseph Jongen - Callirhoé
  
  1899 - Léon Henry
  
  
  1907 - Henri Sarly - mention
  
  
  1919 - René Barbier - Thijl Ulenspiegel
  
  
  1922 - Jean Absil - La Guerre
  1923 - Joseph Leroy (1894-1963) premier second prix
  
  
  
  
  1935 - Léon Simar (1909-1983)
  
  1943 - Pierre Froidebise - La Navigation d'Ulysse
  
  
  
  
  
 

 
PHILIBERT MEES PLAYED MORTELMANS IN ROME

Philibert MeesPhilibert Mees (piano - 1929-2006)
In the years 1980 he travelled several times to Rome.
He gaved several concerts at the Academica Belgica
playing also the music of Lodewijk Mortelmans.
 
 
 
 

 
TRIBUTE FOR THE BELGIAN PRIX DE ROME

22-29 OCTOBER - 19-26 NOVEMBER 2009

Place : Academia Belgica, Via Omero 8, 00197 ROMA

Academia Belgica - Brochure 2009GRAND PRIX DE ROME :
for the 70th anniversary of Academia Belgica (1939-2009)
in collaboration with Royal Conservatories of Antwerp, Brussels and Gent

 

Program :

* Thursday 19 NOVEMBER 2009 - 19.30hrs
Royal Conservatory of Gent

- Lodewijk Mortelmans : ‘t Avondt

* Thursday 29 OCTOBER 2009 - 19.30hrs
Royal Conservatory of Brussels

- Lodewijk Mortelmans : 10 miniaturen
 

PDF   Original program : IL PRIX DE ROME BELGA: UN OMAGGIO
   Full       program : AGENDA 2009

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