Lodewijk Mortelmans 1868-1952
PRIX DE ROME 1893
Belgian Prix de Rome for music composition
1889 : 1st participation : deuxième second prix
1891 : 2st participation : withdrawel due to sickness
1893 : 3st participation : winner
Lodewijk Mortelmans as member of the jury of the Prix de Rome
(standing in the middle)
In 1889 he already participated 'just to try' and obtained, together with Paul Lebrun, a shared Second Prix de Rome with his cantate Sinaï. He then was 21 years old. Although in 1891, he had to interrupt his participation due to illness.
In 1893 at the age of 25, Lodewijk Mortelmans was awarded the First Prize of Rome with his cantate Lady Macbeth.
In 1896 he travelled to Italy, where he met his friend Jean Delville (1867-1953), whom guided him through Rome. There, in his mind, grew the sketch for his Homeric Symphony. Still in Rome, he writes Treurmarsch from his symphony. His dream was to remain some years in Rome to finish his works. But as he married in 1894 with Gabrielle Mortelmans, and they had their first child, he returned to his country.
* From the Art Book JEAN DELVILLE (1867-1953) Maître de l’idéal,
published 2014 after the exhibition in Musée Félicien-Rops :
Page 21: Jean vit son départ pour Rome comme une délivrance. Accompagné de sa femme et de ses deux fils, il réside à l’Académie belge. Là, il noue amitié avec le compositeur flamand Lodewijk Mortelmans, Prix de Rome de musique.
Pages 88-89: Jean Delville part pour l’Italie en mars 1896. Il se rend d’abord à Florence, où il séjourne peut-être chez Baltus, puis passe le printemps et l’été à Rome. Là, il se lie au compositeur Lodewijk Mortelmans, avec qui il projette de réaliser une symphonie homérique mêlant musique et peinture.
* From Privat family collecion: photo right + detail below
A Ludovic Mortelmans
en souvenir de notre sympathique
rencontre à Rome
21 mai 1896 - Jean Delville
Les trésors de Sathan
Jeny Delville 1895
KONINKLIJK VLAAMSCH KONSERVATORIUM
* Transl. from personal notes of Lodewijk Mortelmans :
"This victory made Benoit very happy. He told Lodewijk Mortelmans : your victory will renovate our Conservatory. And this got confirmed. 4 years later (in 1897) the Antwerp Music School was elevated to 'Royal Flemisch Conservatory'".
The Prix de Rome was installed in 1663 in France by Lodewijk XIV, after the foundation of the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture. It was a prestiguous and encouraging price for young french musicians and the first price was originaly a price money with a scholarship to Rome, where the winner could work for about four years at the Académie de France.
The Academy of France was housed in the Palazzo Capranica from 1666 till 1737, and then in the Palazzo Mancini from 1737 to 1793. In 1803 Louis Napoleon had the Academy moved to the Villa Medici. In 1968, and with the social movements at that time in France, the price was awarded for the last time.
Villa Medici Rome
Later, other countries took over the Prix. After the separation of the Netherlands and Belgium in 1830, the belgian government awarded as from 1832 a belgian Prix de Rome for painting, sculpting, and architecture.
The belgian Prix de Rome for music composition existed from 1841 till 1973, founded by François-Joseph Fétis, and followed the french model.
There were concours for art painters, graphics, sculptors and architects (normally every discipline was to compete every three years), and -separatly- for musicians (every two years).
The Royal Academy of Fine Arts Antwerp organised his Prix de Rome till 1920, afterwards the national government took over. The first prize is also sometimes called the Grand Prix de Rome.
Books LLC ® Memphis USA 2001
Via Omero 8 (Valle Giulia) – 00197 Roma
The Academia Belgica is based at the borders of the Villa Borghese, where several other foreign academies and universities also are located.
Academia Belgica Roma
The candidats, selected during a preparatory test (four voices and a choral work with orchestra), had to compose a cantate, an unscened opera, on given lyrics. For the execution, in Mortelmans' days, the candidats were granted 25 days. Afterwards five additional days were added, and the isolation in the loge became thirty days. The price contained a scholarship, which allowed the winner to continue his studies abroad, in a art center of his choice.
Only surveyors, staff, and the secretary of the jury have the right to enter the loges of the competitors.
Contrary to the fears of Guillaume Lekeu, candidats can receive mail. The adressed package or newspaper will be opened and checked by the guard of the loges before handed over.
'BELGIAN' PRIX DE ROME FOR MUSIC COMPOSITION :
1e Prix :
1841 - Étienne Soubre - Sardanapale
1844 - Félix-Étienne - Ledent
1845 - Adolphe Samuel - La Vendetta
1847 - François-Auguste Gevaert - Le Roi Lear
1849 - Alexandre Stadtfeldt - Le songe du jeune Scipion
1851 - Eduard Lassen
1857 - Peter Benoit - Le Meurtre d'Abel
1859 - Jean-Théodore Radoux - Le Juif errant
1863 - Joseph Dupont - Paul et Virginie
1865 - Gustave Huberti - La fille de Jephté
1873 - Franz Servais - La mort du Tasse
1877 - Edgar Tinel - De Klokke Roeland
1879 - Sylvain Dupuis - Le Chant de la Création
1889 - Paul Gilson - Sinaï
1891 - Paul Lebrun - Andromède, op.11
1893 - Lodewijk Mortelmans - Lady Macbeth
1897 - Joseph Jongen - Comola
1899 - François Rasse - Cloches nuptiales
1901 - Adolphe Biarent - Oedipe à Colonne
1903 - Albert Dupuis - La Chanson d'Halewyn
1909 - Robert Herberigs - La Légende de Saint Hubert
1913 - Léon Jongen - Les Fiancés de Noël
1920 - René Barbier - Légende de la soeur Béatrice
1921 - Fernand Quinet - La Guerre
1927 - Alex De Taeye - Le Rossignol
1929 - Georges Lonque, Antoine Van Ulft - Antigone
1932 - Sylvain Vouillemain - L'enfant prodigue
1933 - Prosper Van Eeckhaute
1935 - René Defossez - Le vieux Soudard
1937 - Léon Simar
1945 - Marcel Quinet - La Vague et le Sillon
1952 - René Driessen
1895 - Jean Delville - Le Christ glorifié par les enfants
2e Prix :
1845 - Léonard Terry
1847 - Jacques-Nicolas Lemmens
1851 - Jean-Baptiste Rongé
1877 - MM Simart, de Paw
1887 - Paul Lebrun - Les Suppliantes, Edmond Lapon
1889 - Lodewijk Mortelmans, Paul Lebrun - Moïse au Sinaï
1891 - Guillaume Lekeu - Andromède
1895 - Joseph Jongen - Callirhoé
1899 - Léon Henry
1907 - Henri Sarly - mention
1919 - René Barbier - Thijl Ulenspiegel
1922 - Jean Absil - La Guerre
1923 - Joseph Leroy (1894-1963) premier second prix
1935 - Léon Simar (1909-1983)
1943 - Pierre Froidebise - La Navigation d'Ulysse
PHILIBERT MEES PLAYED MORTELMANS IN ROME
Philibert Mees (piano - 1929-2006)
In the years 1980 he travelled several times to Rome.
He gaved several concerts at the Academica Belgica
playing also the music of Lodewijk Mortelmans.
TRIBUTE FOR THE BELGIAN PRIX DE ROME
22-29 OCTOBER - 19-26 NOVEMBER 2009
Place : Academia Belgica, Via Omero 8, 00197 ROMA
GRAND PRIX DE ROME :
for the 70th anniversary of Academia Belgica (1939-2009)
in collaboration with Royal Conservatories of Antwerp, Brussels and Gent
* Thursday 19 NOVEMBER 2009 - 19.30hrs
Royal Conservatory of Gent
- Lodewijk Mortelmans : ‘t Avondt
* Thursday 29 OCTOBER 2009 - 19.30hrs
Royal Conservatory of Brussels
- Lodewijk Mortelmans : 10 miniaturen