ARTISTIC CIRCLE : XIII - Antwerp (1891-1899)


The XIII  (read Thirteen) was a society of visual artists in Antwerp who wanted to liberate the art from the academiscism. They aimed for the renewal of the artistic life in Antwerp and organised an annual 'Salon' in Antwerp, and participated to group expositions.

The circle XIII was founded in february 1891 and had aims similar to these of the other circle named the XX  (read Twenty) in Brussels, therefor they dissociated consciously of Als ik Kan in Antwerp. The first exposition was held in the same year. They existed until 1899, and organised throughout their existance, only three salons. Several wellknown artists took part on these occasions.


1. Exposition - 1891

2. Exposition - ?

3. Exposition - ?


Numerous membres were also members of the Antwerp circle Arte et Labore.

The founders are Léon Abry, Emile Claus, Edouard De Jans, Henri De Smeth, Edgard Farasyn, Maurice Hagemans, Frans Hens, Evert Larock, Romain Looymans, Henry Luyten, Charles Mertens, Henry Rul, Leo Van Aken, Louis Van Engelen, Piet Verhaert and Theodore Verstraete.


Like-minded from abroad and Belgium were invited to expose. Amongst the invited guests we find :
Albert Baertsoen, Hubert Bellis, Franz Binjé, Albéric Collin, Adrien-Joseph Heymans, Fernand Khnopff, Max Liebermann, Constantin Meunier, Isidore Meyers, Henry Rul, Jan Stobbaerts, Alexandre Struys, Gustave Vanaise and Guillaume Van Strydonck.

Henry van de Velde reproached this circle his academiscism and his more mercantile than artistic ambitions.


Sources : LFM, Nos Artistes Anversois

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